MediaWiki ubuntu 安装方法步骤

2009年06月10日 编程开发 暂无评论 阅读 1 次

MediaWiki is the engine that is used for Wikipedia, but you can also use it to set up your own wiki server with information of your own. See MediaWiki for more information.


To install on your Ubuntu (or Kubuntu, etc) server (with Apache and MySQL already installed):

 sudo apt-get install mediawiki imagemagick mediawiki-math mysql-server

To enable MediaWiki edit the following file and remove the '#' from the third line so that it reads 'Alias /mediawiki /var/lib/mediawiki':

sudo nano /etc/apache2/conf.d/mediawiki.conf

Then restart apache:

 sudo /etc/init.d/apache2 restart

The next step is to visit the website. Since you will be entering passwords, you don't want to make an unsecured connection. Either set up a ssl server] ( see forum/server/apache2/SSL) and connect with https://yoursite.example.com/mediawiki, or visit from the server itself (using elinks or lynx, two excellent text-based web browsers):

 elinks localhost/mediawiki

fill out the forms, noting that the final form is NOT your root or user password, but the password for the root mysql account (blank by default)

Lastly, move the config files as requested to prevent anyone else from changing these settings:

NOTE: Check the output in your web browser: if its instructions differ from below, follow them.

 sudo mv /var/lib/mediawiki/config/LocalSettings.php /etc/mediawiki/LocalSettings.php
 sudo chmod 600 /etc/mediawiki/LocalSettings.php
 sudo rm -Rf /var/lib/mediawiki/config

You are done! you should see a wiki page at: http://yoursite.example.com/mediawiki


The Apache2 config files reside at /etc/apache2/conf.d/mediawiki.conf

You might want to customize the look of your wiki.

To change the icon make a 135x135 pixel logo in PNG format and move it to the right place:

 sudo cp my_new_logo.png /var/lib/mediawiki/skins/common/images/wiki.png

To get rid of the Mac-like sunburst in the background, edit /var/lib/mediawiki/skins/monobook/main.css and change:

  • background: #f9f9f9 url(headbg.jpg) 0 0 no-repeat;


  • background: #f9f9f9;


Mediawiki extensions are stored in the /etc/mediawiki-extensions/extensions-available folder. You can enable an extension using

sudo mwenext <extension.php>

Tab/autocomplete shows a list of extensions.

Similarly use mwdisext to disable an extension.


It is possible to run multiple parallel instances of Mediawiki on a single server:

See also

External Links

The following are unverified suggestions made by users.

Turnkey Linux

An Ubuntu-based MediaWiki appliance is one of the easiest ways to get up and running with MediaWiki on Ubuntu. It's part of a family of pre-integrated TurnKey Linux Software Appliances based on Ubuntu 8.04.2 (Hardy LTS).



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