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晒太阳、太晒了、怕晒:英文怎么说

2018年07月05日 未分类 暂无评论 阅读 20 次

I. 晒太阳
“晒太阳”英文怎么说呢?你首先想到的是不是sunbathe?

Sunbathe的确是“晒太阳”,但更确切的翻译是“晒日光浴”,也就是以getting tanned(晒出古铜色皮肤)为目的“晒太阳”。

1. Sunbathe 晒日光浴

This is a picture of a beach in the US. The children are building sand castles while the grown-ups are sunbathing.

这张照片是美国的一个沙滩。孩子们在堆沙堡,大人们在晒日光浴。

注意,sunbathing读作[ˈsʌnbeiðiŋ],不读[ˈsʌnbæðiŋ],因为其原形sunbathe以e结尾,a发[ei]的音。

2. Bask in the Sun 沐浴在阳光下

I basked in the sun the whole afternoon.

我整个下午都沐浴在阳光下。

Bask in the sun虽然是“晒太阳”,但是它是一个比较文学的词汇,表达一种温暖、明亮、喜悦的感觉。

我们认为,“晒太阳”最普遍适用的、最贴切的翻译是:

3. Get Some Sun, Soak up Some Sun 晒太阳

Let's get some sun.

咱们去晒晒太阳。

It's time to soak up some sun. It's healthy for you.

该去晒太阳了,对你身体好。

Soak up比get更具体,更体现出了那种吸收日照的感觉。

再为大家介绍一些“晒太阳”的相关表达:

4. In the Sun 在太阳下

Let's go sit in the sun.

咱们到太阳底下坐着去。

“在太阳下”翻译成英文,你可能首先想到under the sun,但是under the sun相当于on the earth,表达一种“全天下”的意思,如:She tried everything under the sun to solve the problem. 她为了解决问题,什么都试过了。

5. Sunny Spot 太阳地儿

Let's go to the sunny spot over there. It's warmer.

咱们到那边儿的太阳地儿去,那儿暖和。

6. Shine 阳光照射

The sun is shining through the window.

阳光透过窗户照进来。

II. 太晒了
7. Bright 阳光明媚,光线强

The sun is very bright today.

今天的阳光很明媚。

The sun is so bright. It's blinding.

太晒了,真晃眼。

8. Sunny 晴,阳光充足

It's very sunny today.

今天是个大晴天。

It's so sunny, I can't open my eyes.

太晒了,我都睁不开眼了。

最后要说一下,虽然中文里我们用“今天太阳真大”来表达阳光照射很强烈、很晒,但是其英文翻译不是The sun is very big today,因为这句话指的是太阳形状的大小。

9. I'm Burning up 热死了

I need to take my jacket off. I'm burning up.

我得把外套脱了。热死了。

I'm burning up,是不是和中文里的“我快被烤焦了”很像啊?但是,在中文里,只有“被太阳晒”的时候,我们才这么说。在英文中,室内室外都可以用I'm burning up,有人甚至用I'm roasting。

10. It's Boiling 热死了

Could you please turn on the air conditioner? It's boiling.

你能把空调打开么?热死了。

(1) 上面两个“热死了”的区别是:I'm burning up指的是自己的感受,it's boiling指的仅仅是温度高。

(2) 和I'm burning up一样,it's boiling无论在室外还是室内都适用。

11. Shade 阴凉

Let's go under the tree for some shade.

咱们到树底下阴凉地儿去。

Let's go move into the shade.

咱们到阴凉底下去。

III. 怕晒
12. Avoid Sun Exposure 怕晒

I had you wear long sleeves so that you won't be exposed to the sun.

我怕你晒着,所以给你穿的长袖。

13. Avoid Getting Sunburnt 怕晒坏

I put some sunscreen on you so that you won’t get sunburnt.

我怕你被晒坏,所以给你涂了防晒霜。

14. “起床啦,太阳都照屁股了”英文怎么说?

我问外教:Do you have a saying like "Get up. The sun is shining on your bottom"?

外教说:No, but we have "Get up. You're wasting daylight.(起床啦,你在浪费日光。)

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